Originally published September 30, 2012. It is more important today – to right the wrongs of misconception. ~ J.B.
Abraham Lincoln had lawfully been elected as President of the United States in November of 1860. Immediately following Lincolns election, with the knowledge of an impending bankruptcy on the part of the United States government due to the failure to pay debts with lawful money, the reluctance to finance more than its share of federal expenditures, and the ever-increasing antagonism against the institution of slavery, the Southern States seceded from the Union with the intention of forming their own nation.
The United States House of Representatives adjourned sine die  on March 2, 1861, and under parliamentary law, ceased to exist as a lawful deliberative body. An adjournment sine die closes the session, and if there is no provision for convening the assembly again, the adjournment dissolves the assembly.
Throughout his Presidency, Lincoln had always maintained that his main objective was to preserve the Union. Two days later, on March 4, 1861, Lincoln took office and in his first Inaugural Address stated (Continue reading complete lesson )